Tag Archives: java

Translate JIRA Transitions

If you are using the famous Issue tracker JIRA by Atlassian you are able to change the workflow. Workflows are used to define the status an issue can get. Between the 2 statuses there are a transition. In JIRA you can translate the statuses (Administration | Status | Translate).

Translate statuses in JIRA
Translate statuses in JIRA

But for transitions there is not such a dialog. But there is an solution for this. You can modify the language property file. If you use an script you can do this automatically. But one step after another :)

1. Locate the language library

In JIRA all language files are bundled in a library. This library you find in WEB-INF/lib in your JIRA installation.For the german translation the library is named language_de_DE.jar.

2. Extract the JAR and edit the JiraWebActionSupport_de_DE.properties

The JiraWebActionSupport_de_DE.properties is in the package com/atlassian/jira/web/action. You can edit this file with a simple editor. For every transititon you must add one or two properties:

  • for the title
  • for the submit button, if you transition needs a dialog (e.g. the reopen issue has a dialog where you can leave a comment)

For instance you have a transition Test Issue. This transition doesn’t need a dialog. So you need only one property:


As an exteded example you have a transition named Issue tested. For this you need a dialog the user can leave a comment. In this case you need 2 properties:

issuetested.submit=Test abschliessen

After you finished the modification you can repackage the JAR.

3. Restart JIRA

This you should really do before you start with the next steps.

4. Add the needed properties to the transitions

The next step is to create a relation between JIRA and the properties. This can be done in the panel for modifying transitions (Administration | Workflows | Steps (of the workflow you want to change) |  Click on the transition | Properties of the transition). In the page loaded then you can add the needed properties.

Add properties to transitions
Add properties to transitions

What you need to add is a key-value pair. The key is for JIRA. With this key JIRA knows what kind of i18n text this property represents. The both relevant key are:

  • jira.i18n.title (for the title)
  • jira.i18n.submit (for the submit button)

As value you can add the properties you add to the language file (JiraWebActionSupport_de_DE.properties). After you are done you can close every dialog and activate the workflow.

As a result you see something similar to this:

Translated Transition
Translated Transition

Hmm…there are many steps…is there a chance to simplify this?

Yes, of course. You can create a script to do this automatically. For example I have one written in Groovy doing all steps automatically:

//Points to the language_de_DE.jar
def langPack = new File("...")

//Points to the folder the modified JAR should be copied to
def targetDir = new File("...")

//Points to the folder the langPack should be extracted to
def tempDir = new File(System.properties["java.io.tmpdir"]+"/language_pack")

def langFile = new File(tempDir, "com/atlassian/jira/web/action/JiraWebActionSupport_de_DE.properties")

//Create the antbuild for some common tasks
def ant = new AntBuilder()

if (tempDir.exists()){

ant.unzip(src:langPack, dest:tempDir)

//Using Groovy's multiline strings
def t = """

//Append the existing content with our extended properties
langFile.text = langFile.text + t
ant.zip(basedir:tempDir, destfile:new File(targetDir, "language_de_DE.jar"))

//Build JIRA
"cd /opt/jira".execute()

//Restart Tomcat
"cd /opt/tomcat/bin".execute()
"catalina.sh start".execute()

With this simple script you can do all steps automatically. One thing isn’t really nice. The properties you append to the original languagge file are saved in the script. This should be changed if there are more than a handful properties.

Dynamic Groovy Pt. 1

Certainly you know that Groovy is one of the dynamic languages published in the last years. There are some languages with this approach: Ruby, JRuby, Python, PHP, JavaScript and many more.

Groovy is a little bit special if you are a Java-Developer. Groovy is built on the top of the Java-Platform. So it is easy to learn the concepts and syntax of this nice language. Aside of powerful syntax enhancements there are the dynamic approach. With the Meta Object Protocol (MOP) you are able to analyze and change every Object.

Getting all properties of an Object

Properties in Groovy are a little bit special. In difference to fields a property always have a Getter-/Setter-Method. It is very easy to get all of such properties:

def someObject = new SomeJavaObject()
    println it.name

With this codefragment you get a list of all properties of the Object someObject. The content of this list are groovy.lang.MetaBeanProperty. With this class you can

  • get and set the field
  • get and set the Getter and Setter separately
  • query for a special property

You can see in Picture 1 the Classdiagram of the MetabeanProperty class. With the help of this class you can easily analyze and change existing Groovy classes.


Picture 1: Classdiagram of groovy.lang.MetaBeanProperty

What is a MetaClass?

Every Class has some meta informations. This are informations about fields, properties and methods. Additionally it exists an invokeMethod. This method is used to call dynamically methods of Groovy Classes. The behaviour of this method is similar to the Reflection mechnism of Java (you know the package java.lang.reflect?).


Picture 2: Classstructure of groovy.lang.MetaClass

Dynamically adding method to classes

With the help of this class you are able to add new methods to an existing class. Even final (and immutable) classes could be extended:

String.metaClass.toFirstUpper << {
	delegate[0].toUpperCase() + delegate.substring(1)

This little fragment adds one method to the final class java.lang.String. After this code is executed you can access this from your¬† Groovy Code. Please attend that this only works if you are calling the additional methods from Groovy. You cannot call it from your Java Code, because the Compiler doesn’t know anything of this additonally method. But you can use reflection with a simple invokeMethod to use the dynamically added method.

In Groovy you can use the new method directly:

def myString = "thisIsASimpleString"
assert "ThisIsASimpleString" == myString.toFirstUpper()

If you use Java you need to use Reflection

String myString = "thisIsASimpleString";
Method m = String.class.getMethod("toFirstUpper", new Class[]{});
assert "ThisIsASimpleString" == m.invokeMethod(myString, new Object[]{});

Adding static methods

This works for static methods, too.

public class Customer{
   String firstName
   String lastName

Customer.metaClass.static.create << { String first, String last ->
    new Customer(firstName: first, lastName: last)

assert "Thorsten" == Customer.create("Thorsten", "Kamann").firstNam


This was Part 1 of Dynamic Groovy. In the next part we see how to add dynamically add constructors, properties, and adding methods to interfaces.


Vortragsreihe Dortmund 09.02.2009: Webtests reloaded – Webtests mit Selenium, TestNG, Groovy und Maven

Testgetriebene Entwicklung ist ein Muss, um die Qualität von Software-Produkten zu sichern. Der wohl am schwierigsten zu testenden Teil einer Anwendung ist die Weboberfläche. Oftmals ist es so, dass Oberflächen lediglich manuell getestet werden – mit allen Nachteilen, die manuelle Test mit sich bringen. Das Gespann Selenium, TestNG, Groovy und Maven bietet Ihnen einen Lösungsansatz, mit dem Sie in vertretbarer Zeit automatisierte Tests für Weboberflächen erstellen können. Dieser Vortrag führt Sie anhand einer Webanwendung Schritt für Schritt durch den Prozess, sodass Sie danach mit eigenen Experimenten beginnen können.